Why I'm Switching From Graphic Design To UI Design – And Why You Should Too

“I am not an artist,” I said.

This was likely the most controversial statement I could make while presenting my design portfolio in a room full of painters, drawing instructors and other traditional creatives.

It was during my Senior Exit Review as a graphic design student that I presented my artist’s statement explaining how design is not art. The idea that I wasn’t designing for myself, but instead used design as a way of solving a problem for others, seemed to be a foreign concept to them. While most of the faculty disagreed with me, this was the beginning of figuring out exactly what I would want to be doing in the future.

Fast forward a few years working in graphic design, and now I’m deciding to push my skills further and pursue a career in User Interface Design.

To better understand why I’ve chosen to study UI Design with CareerFoundry, I’ll take you through my journey from graphic design to UI.

  1. Graphic design vs UI design
  2. A day in the life of a graphic designer
  3. A day in the life of a UI designer
  4. Personality types of UI designers
  5. Why now is a great time to learn UI design
  6. My transition from graphic designer to UI designer
  7. The decision to become a UI Designer

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1. Graphic design vs UI design

Graphic Design is:

The art and practice of planning and projecting ideas and experiences with visual and textual content. The form of the communication can be physical or virtual, and may include images, words, or graphic forms.

To contrast that, Eric Bieller, the creator of the UI Design Program at CareerFoundry says that:

UI design is focused on the design of the actual interface elements that the user interacts with to accomplish a goal within an application.”

To break this down even further, let’s jump into what each designer might be doing during a typical workday.

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2. A day in the life of a graphic designer

To give you an idea of what a day in the life of a graphic designer might look like, I’ve listed below the main tools a graphic designer might use in a typical working day and the tasks which will occupy most of their time.

As you can see, a graphic designer’s role is very much focused on the visual representation of a company’s brand both online and in print.


  • Photoshop
  • Illustrator
  • InDesign
  • Sketchbook

What they might be doing:

  • Setting up files for printing
  • Designing brochures / posters / social media graphics / display ads
  • Creating Illustrations
  • Designing logos

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3. A day in the life of a UI designer

Below I’ve outlined the tools used and tasks taken on by a user interface designer. As you can see, as well as visual elements, a user interface designer is also largely concerned with testing, prototyping, the user flow and navigation as well as the interaction between the user and the elements on the page.


What they might be doing:

  • Building Wireframes
  • Defining Style Guides
  • Visual Design
  • Interaction Design
  • Prototyping
  • User Testing

If a designer prefers iterating dozens of logo designs and are in love with publication and layout design, then graphic design might just be the right job for them.

Instead, if they see themselves crafting beautiful products, thinking about user flows, and daydreaming about seeing millions of users interact with their designs on a daily basis, they might want to think about giving UI design a try.

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4. Personality types of UI designers:

Self Initiated Learners

A UI designer has to be driven to keep up to date with the latest design trends and design patterns. As design is constantly evolving, designers must be ready to adapt to the changes and challenges faced while designing for new devices.


They see products and designs and instantly think, “How could I make this better?”

Empathetic / Emotional

They want to make life better for humans, and put the needs of the user in front of their personal preferences when they design.


UI designers get along well with others. They work closely with UX designers and developers in order to ensure that the end designs match everyone’s expectations.


They don’t give up just because they don’t know how to do something. In fact, figuring things out is the reason that they enjoy designing in the first place.

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5. Why now is a great time to learn UI design

Now is an amazing time to break into the field of UI Design. With the rise of mobile and the past prediction that 6.1 billion people will be using smartphones by the year 2020, there is a greater need now more than ever for UI Designers. More and more companies are looking to fill newly created design roles, giving design a seat at the table for important decisions.

Salaries for designers are on the rise as well. Glassdoor lists the median salary for a UI Designer at around $89,000 and currently lists 7,922 open jobs in the US.

For more information on entering the field of UI design in 2022, check out our up-to-date UI design industry outlook. And if UI design job descriptions are baffling to you, here’s something that will help: UI Designer Job Descriptions And What They Really Mean.

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6. My transition from graphic designer to UI designer

In my last corporate graphic design role, I worked as the only designer in a small marketing department of three. My usual day-to-day schedule consisted of the following:

  • Browsing sites like Unsplash for the “perfect” stock image to accompany our blogs
  • Designing posters, flyers, web banners and magazine ads
  • Creating images and illustrations for our social media accounts
  • Setting up files for printing
  • Coordinating production timelines with printers

During my time there, I realized that although I loved design, I didn’t love what I was doing. At the time, everything I made seemed so temporary. While creating hundreds of graphics for short-lived marketing campaigns helped me develop my workflow and illustration skills, it never gave me the satisfaction of knowing that I was creating something truly meaningful for the people I was designing for.

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7. The decision to become a UI Designer

After struggling with feeling unfulfilled in my last job, I started looking for ways to expand my skill set. Right away I knew I needed to get help. As much as I like to learn on my own, I knew I wouldn’t succeed without some sort of structured course where I could see myself making daily progress. I started researching online courses, specifically those with a mentor to help hold me accountable for keeping on task.

Luckily, I managed to find just what I needed with CareerFoundry. Now I’m set up with an industry veteran as a mentor, and am on the way to having a polished UI design portfolio as I work through the lessons in the course.

The transition so far has been a smooth one. Coming from a graphic design background has come in handy when working on UI projects. Spending so much time in Illustrator at my last job prepared me for a smooth transition into Sketch, the leading tool for Interface Design.

Compared to my time as a graphic designer, now my days are spent:

  • Building wireframes for mobile applications and websites
  • Defining type styles
  • Prototyping with InVision
  • Skyping with my mentor for design feedback
  • Researching and writing design blogs
  • Reading design articles on Medium

I’m 100% still a work in progress when it comes to being a UI designer, and honestly I don’t think that will ever change. That’s what makes it so exciting to be in this field; there will always be something new to learn. Now, with design skills being in such high demand, is a great time to dive right into learning the necessary skills to start on the path to becoming a UI Designer.

To learn more about how to get into UI design, check out this comprehensive step-by-step guide:

For more information about UI Design, check out CareerFoundry’s UI Design Program! With structured lesson plans, and a mentor with years of experience in the field, it’ll help guide those who want to get a jumpstart in a new career. And if you’d like some inspiration to keep you motivated, check out these 15 brilliant quotes from design leaders in the industry.

And to learn even more about UI design, check out these guides:

What You Should Do Now

  1. Get a hands-on introduction to UI design and design your very first app screen with a free, self-paced UI design short course.

  2. Take part in one of our FREE live online UI design events with industry experts, and read about UI graduate Florian’s career change to product design.

  3. Become a qualified UI designer in just 4-9 months—complete with a job guarantee.

  4. This month, we’re offering a partial scholarship worth up to $1,365 off on all of our career-change programs to the first 100 students who apply 🎉 Book your application call and secure your spot now!

What is CareerFoundry?

CareerFoundry is an online school for people looking to switch to a rewarding career in tech. Select a program, get paired with an expert mentor and tutor, and become a job-ready designer, developer, or analyst from scratch, or your money back.

Learn more about our programs